Crude: the incredible journey of oil
Where does oil come from? What is the basic material that makes up this vital substance?
Oil comes from organic sediments in the Middle East and from phytoplankton in the ocean. The basic material that makes up this vital substance is carbon.
What role does carbon play in the creation of crude oil? What is unique about this essential element?
Crude oil is a hydrocarbon, which is made from carbons. This element is essential in creating organic compounds.
How does phytoplankton and bacteria in nutrient-rich water contribute to the formation of oil beneath the ocean floor? Explain.
How does the energy in carbon-rich shale transfer into crude? Where does this process take place?
Why is oil so incredibly valuable as an energy source? What is exceptional about its energy density?
Oil is valuable as an energy source because it can be used for anything. There is a lot of energy in little density of oil.
How much oil does the average American use each day? How is this consumption broken down?
What is the largest oil field on earth? Where is it located? How did the discovery of the Gwar Reservoir affect the global demand for oil?
The Gwar field is the largest field on earth and is located in Saudi Arabia. It increased the global demand for oil.
When did the U.S. oil supply peak? When is the global oil supply predicted to peak? What does this mean for the cost of oil?
The U.S oil supply peaked in the 1970s. The global oil is predicted to peak in 2006 to 2008. This means that the cost of oil will go up
What do fossilized ginkgo plants tell us about the carbon dioxide levels of the Jurassic period? What did this super-greenhouse world look like?
The ginkgo plants tell us that
What are the global repercussions of our oil use? What does this mean for our climate in the future? What are the signs that this climate change has already begun?
Global repercussions of our oil use is the increase in pollution of our atmosphere and the loss of our oil resources.. This means that our climate in the future will become warmer. Signs that it is happening is the melting of polar ice caps.